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In dem Psychothriller BLACK SWAN bekommt die junge, aufstrebende Ballerina Nina (Natalie Portman) die Doppelrolle ihres Lebens: In "Schwanensee" soll sie. Black Swan ist ein US-amerikanischer Psychothriller aus dem Jahr Regie führte Darren Aufgrund ihres Engagements als Solistin am American Ballet Theatre in New York (seit ) konnte Lane nur sechs Wochen am Dreh. Black Swan erzählt von der ehrgeizigen Tänzerin Nina (Natalie Portman), die the White Swan she lacks the ferocity to play the Black Swan and when she asks. Performing flawlessly as the White Swan she lacks the ferocity to play the Black Swan and when she asks the director to rethink, he forcibly kisses her and she. Nach dem Bubentraum einer Wrestler-Legende macht sich Darren Aronofsky in Black Swan an die Desillusionierung des Mädchentraums der.
Finden Sie Top-Angebote für Black Swan Triple Play Original Bluray – UK gebraucht – Schneller Versand bei eBay. Kostenlose Lieferung für viele Artikel! Performing flawlessly as the White Swan she lacks the ferocity to play the Black Swan and when she asks the director to rethink, he forcibly kisses her and she. Black Swan ist ein US-amerikanischer Psychothriller aus dem Jahr Regie führte Darren Aufgrund ihres Engagements als Solistin am American Ballet Theatre in New York (seit ) konnte Lane nur sechs Wochen am Dreh.
According to Taleb,  thinkers who came before him who dealt with the notion of the improbable, such as Hume , Mill , and Popper focused on the problem of induction in logic, specifically, that of drawing general conclusions from specific observations.
The central and unique attribute of Taleb's black swan event is that it is high-profile. His claim is that almost all consequential events in history come from the unexpected — yet humans later convince themselves that these events are explainable in hindsight.
One problem, labeled the ludic fallacy by Taleb, is the belief that the unstructured randomness found in life resembles the structured randomness found in games.
This stems from the assumption that the unexpected may be predicted by extrapolating from variations in statistics based on past observations, especially when these statistics are presumed to represent samples from a normal distribution.
These concerns often are highly relevant in financial markets, where major players sometimes assume normal distributions when using value at risk models, although market returns typically have fat tail distributions.
Taleb said "I don't particularly care about the usual. If you want to get an idea of a friend's temperament, ethics, and personal elegance, you need to look at him under the tests of severe circumstances, not under the regular rosy glow of daily life.
Can you assess the danger a criminal poses by examining only what he does on an ordinary day? Can we understand health without considering wild diseases and epidemics?
Indeed the normal is often irrelevant. Almost everything in social life is produced by rare but consequential shocks and jumps; all the while almost everything studied about social life focuses on the 'normal,' particularly with 'bell curve' methods of inference that tell you close to nothing.
Because the bell curve ignores large deviations, cannot handle them, yet makes us confident that we have tamed uncertainty.
More generally, decision theory , which is based on a fixed universe or a model of possible outcomes, ignores and minimizes the effect of events that are "outside the model".
Consequently, the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq exchange remained closed till September 17, , the most protracted shutdown since the Great Depression.
Taleb notes that other distributions are not usable with precision, but often are more descriptive, such as the fractal , power law , or scalable distributions and that awareness of these might help to temper expectations.
Beyond this, he emphasizes that many events simply are without precedent, undercutting the basis of this type of reasoning altogether.
Taleb also argues for the use of counterfactual reasoning when considering risk. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Theory of response to surprise events.
The Black Swan: the impact of the highly improbable 2nd ed. London: Penguin. Retrieved 25 April The American Journal of Philology.
Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved 23 April Saturae in Latin. Retrieved 20 January The New York Times. McKinsey Quarterly. Retrieved 23 May That's why I kept going on and on against financial theories, financial-risk managers, and people who do quantitative finance.
Columbia University. The Financial Times. New York. Archived from the original on 20 April Nassim Nicholas Taleb.
Cognitive bias Epistemology. Categories : Epistemological theories Metatheory of science Black swans Metaphors referring to animals Metaphors referring to birds.
Regardless, the director found active and inactive dancers to share their experiences with him. Aronofsky called Black Swan a companion piece to his previous film The Wrestler , recalling one of his early projects about a love affair between a wrestler and a ballerina.
He eventually separated the wrestling and the ballet worlds as "too much for one movie". He compared the two films: "Wrestling some consider the lowest art—if they would even call it art—and ballet some people consider the highest art.
But what was amazing to me was how similar the performers in both of these worlds are. They both make incredible use of their bodies to express themselves.
Aronofsky first discussed with Portman the possibility of a ballet film in , and he found she was interested in playing a ballet dancer.
Kunis contrasted Lily with Nina, "My character is very loose She's not as technically good as Natalie's character, but she has more passion, naturally.
That's what [Nina] lacks. He compared his character to George Balanchine , who co-founded New York City Ballet and was "a control freak, a true artist using sexuality to direct his dancers".
Portman and Kunis started training six months before the start of filming in order to attain a body type and muscle tone more similar to those of professional dancers.
A few months closer to filming, she began choreography training. You wear a tutu and you stand on stage and you look cute and twirl.
But this is very different because you can't fake it. You can't just stay in there and like pretend you know what you're doing.
Your whole body has to be structured differently. She stated: "Natalie took class, she studied for several months, from the waist up is her.
In addition to the soloist performances, members of the Pennsylvania Ballet were cast as the corps de ballet , backdrop for the main actors' performances.
Aronofsky and Portman first discussed a ballet film in , after the release of Requiem for a Dream , though the script had not yet been written.
The screenplay The Understudy was written by Andres Heinz; Aronofsky first heard about it while editing his second film Requiem for a Dream and described it as " All About Eve with a double, set in the off-Broadway world.
In July , Kunis was cast. Principal photography was achieved using Super 16 mm cameras and began in New York City toward the end of I like Super 16 because the cameras are really light, really moveable.
Also, for The Wrestler it was a money-saving thing. The film stocks on 35mm would become so glossy that they'd get close to what people are doing on video.
Like with wrestling, ballet is shot in wide shot with two shots on the side, and no one really brought the camera—well, wrestling—into the ring or for us, onto the stage and into the practice room.
I couldn't think of another example where they did that I was concerned if that would affect the suspense, but after a while I said, "screw it, let's go for it.
The non-original music featured in Black Swan consists of music by Tchaikovsky featuring performances on-screen and in the soundtrack by violinist Tim Fain  and a track of electronica dance music by English production duo The Chemical Brothers.
It marks the fifth consecutive collaboration between Aronofsky and English composer Clint Mansell , who composed the original score for the film.
Mansell attempted to score the film based on Tchaikovsky's ballet  but with radical changes to the music.
The Chemical Brothers' music, which is featured prominently during the club scene in Black Swan , is omitted from the soundtrack album. Black Swan had its world premiere as the opening film at the 67th Venice Film Festival on September 1, It received a standing ovation whose length Variety said made it "one of the strongest Venice openers in recent memory".
Clooney is a wonderful actor, and he will always be welcome in Venice. But it was as simple as that.
According to The Independent , the film was considered one of "the most highly anticipated" films of late The newspaper then compared it to the ballet film The Red Shoes in having "a nightmarish quality Black Swan had a limited release in select cities in North America on December 3, , in 18 theaters  and was a surprise box office success.
The per location average was the second highest for the opening weekend of behind The King's Speech.
The website's critical consensus reads, "Bracingly intense, passionate, and wildly melodramatic, Black Swan glides on Darren Aronofsky's bold direction—and a bravura performance from Natalie Portman.
In September , Entertainment Weekly reported that based on reviews from the film's screening at the Venice Film Festival, "[ Black Swan ] is already set to be one of the year's most love-it-or-hate-it movies.
Some found its theatricality maddening, but most declared themselves 'swept away'. Kurt Loder of Reason magazine called the film "wonderfully creepy", and wrote that "it's not entirely satisfying; but it's infused with the director's usual creative brio, and it has a great dark gleaming look.
Goodridge described Portman's performance, "[She] is captivating as Nina Goodridge praised Libatique's cinematography with the dance scenes and the psychologically "unnerving" scenes: "It's a mesmerising psychological ride that builds to a gloriously theatrical tragic finale as Nina attempts to deliver the perfect performance.
Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter gave the film a mixed review. He wrote, "[ Black Swan ] is an instant guilty pleasure, a gorgeously shot, visually complex film whose badness is what's so good about it.
You might howl at the sheer audacity of mixing mental illness with the body-fatiguing, mind-numbing rigors of ballet, but its lurid imagery and a hellcat competition between two rival dancers is pretty irresistible.
The critic said of the thematic mashup, "Aronofsky The film has been criticized for its portrayal of ballet and ballet dancers.
Rojo called the film "lazy It doesn't show why ballet is so important to us — why we would want to try so hard.
Amy Westcott is credited as the costume designer and received several award nominations. A publicized controversy arose regarding the question of who had designed 40 ballet costumes for Portman and the dancers.
An article in the British newspaper The Independent suggested those costumes had actually been created by Rodarte 's Kate and Laura Mulleavy.
Furthermore, the corps ballet's costumes were designed by Zack Brown for the American Ballet Theatre , and slightly adapted by Westcott and her costume design department.
Westcott said: "Controversy is too complimentary a word for two people using their considerable self-publicising resources to loudly complain about their credit once they realized how good the film is.
We know that Natalie Portman studied ballet as a kid and had a year of intensive training for the film, but that doesn't add up to being a ballerina.
However, it seems that many people believe that Portman did her own dancing in Black Swan. Black Swan appeared on many critics' top ten lists of and is frequently considered to be one of the best films of the year.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with the swashbuckler film The Black Swan film or Black swan theory.
Theatrical release poster. Mike Medavoy Arnold W. Messer Brian Oliver Scott Franklin. Release date. Running time. Main article: Black Swan dance double controversy.
Main article: List of accolades received by Black Swan. British Board of Film Classification. November 19, Retrieved September 21, The Korea Herald.
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The Huffington Post. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 8, Cinema Blend. Retrieved December 12, Independent Film Channel. Archived from the original on November 30,Andres HeinzMark Heyman. Angaben ohne Gewähr. Sie bemerkt, dass sich die Wunde an ihrer Schulter verschlimmert hat, und zieht eine blutige, schwarze Feder daraus hervor. Dieser Artikel wird nach Frankreich geliefert, aber der Verkäufer hat keine Versandoptionen Mainz 05 Hamburg. Informationen zum Artikel Artikelzustand:. Diese Konzerte stehen in Wien fest. Vereinigte Staaten. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Black Swan Film Title sowie Mila Kunis attends the New York Premiere of Black Swan at the Ziegfeld Theatre on. Finden Sie Top-Angebote für Black Swan Triple Play Original Bluray – UK gebraucht – Schneller Versand bei eBay. Kostenlose Lieferung für viele Artikel! Regie: Darren Aronofsky (USA ) mit Natalie Portman, Mila Kunis, Vincent Cassel, Barbara Hershey.